On 16 April 1922, the German Republic of Weimar and the Soviet Union agreed on the Treaty of Rapallo, in which they renounced territorial and financial rights against each other.  Each side also claimed neutrality in the event of an attack on the other with the Treaty of Berlin (1926).  Trade between the two countries declined sharply after the First World War, with trade agreements signed in the mid-1920s helping to increase trade to 433 million marks per year in 1927.  In an interview with Reuters in 2017, President Donald Trump called the agreement, ratified in 2011 under then-President Barack Obama, “biased” and “another bad deal.” On May 13, President Obama`s agreement was submitted for ratification in the U.S. Senate. The ratification required 67 votes for (out of 100 senators). On Tuesday, September 16, 2010, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee voted 14 to 4 in favour of ratification of New START. The measure was supported by three Senate Republicans: Richard Lugar of Indiana, Bob Corker of Tennessee and Johnny Isakson of Georgia.  Senator John Kerry and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton expressed optimism that a ratification agreement was about to be reached.  Before the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was proclaimed, western communists denied that such a treaty would be signed. Herbert Biberman, a future member of the Hollywood Ten, denounced the rumors as “fascist propaganda.” Earl Browder, the leader of the American Communist Party, said earl Browder was just as likely to be elected president of the Chamber of Commerce.
 However, Gunther wrote that some knew that “communism and fascism were more closely allied than was usually understood,” and Ernst von Weizs-cker had declared on 16 August to Nevile Henderson that the Soviet Union would “participate in participation in Polish loot.”  In September 1939, the Communist International suspended all anti-Nazi and anti-fascist propaganda and declared that war in Europe was a matter of capitalist states attacking each other for imperialist purposes.  Western communists acted accordingly; Although they had previously supported collective security, they have now denounced Britain and France for going to war.  Billingslea told the Heritage Foundation that he was so sure that an agreement had been reached “at the highest level” that he completed his meetings in Asia this month to meet with Yanukovychkov.